Airport details for: EFHK (Finland)


EFHK 200250Z 15005KT 110V200 CAVOK 16/13 Q1013 NOSIG

General details

Name (city): Vantaa
Country: Finland
vACC: VATSIM Scandinavia

Helsinki-Vantaa Airport is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland. It is located in Vantaa,  north of Helsinki city centre. Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport served 14,865,871 passengers in 2011 and it is the fourth largest airport in the Nordic countries. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies who operate at this airport.

The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland’s airports. Helsinki Airport was chosen as the best airport in the world in the IATA 1999 survey on the topic. In 2006 the global airport customer satisfaction survey AETRA ranked Helsinki Airport one of the best airports worldwide and according to Association of European Airlines 2005 delay rates, Helsinki Airport was the most punctual airport in Europe.

The airport is the international and domestic hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier. It is also the hub for Blue1, the Finnish regional division of SAS. Low cost carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle and Flybe Finland are based at Helsinki Airport as well.





FSX: Mega Airport Helsinki (payware)/ FSNordic(Freeware)

Local Regulations


IFR clearance

At first contact with Clearance Delivery state type of aircraft and latest received ATIS transmission including identification letter and QNH.

If a different runway than the runway-in-use is required for performance reasons, this request shall be made in connection with the request for IFR clearance.

If unable to follow FMS/RNAV SID, inform ATC when requesting clearance.

Note that unless otherwise instructed, aircraft cleared via SID shall climb to 4000 ft. This altitude is not included in the clearance, because it is stated in the SID charts.

Use of transponder

The assigned transponder code shall be selected and the transponder activated at the request for push-back. After landing, the transponder shall remain activated until reaching the parking stand and be switched off immediately after parking.


Contact Helsinki Ground for start-up and push back clearance. The stand of the aircraft shall be stated in the initial contact with the ATC unit.



Taxiing on the apron is always subject to instructions. When taxiing on the apron the aircraft shall follow the yellow taxiing guide lines.
Apron Spots will be used as co-ordination points for both inbound and outbound traffic to/from aprons. Additionally they will ease runway 04R/22L crossings.
Do not cross a runway until a further taxi clearance has been issued by ATC.
Aircraft landed at runway 22L shall not vacate runway via taxiway ZG unless otherwise instructed by ATC.


Takeoff and climb

After takeoff aircraft shall remain on Tower frequency until passing 1500 ft, where after contact Helsinki Radar while climbing to 4000 ft, unless otherwise instructed by ATC. Contact with Helsinki Radar report altitude to verify transponder Mode C readout.

If unable to follow FMS/RNAV SID or departure on heading, inform Helsinki Radar  given radar heading by ATC.


Traffic arriving at EFHK are informed of the runway in use and cleared for the STAR for the arrival runway. Traffic unable to follow the STAR is cleared for vectors via:


Expect vectors for ILS approach or visual approach.

Due to the VFR traffic flying below IFR traffic an aircraft carrying out visual approach shall maintain an altitude of at least 600 M (2000 FT) MSL until DME 7 HEL and established on the final.

During peak performance Parallel approaches will be used on runways 04L/04R or 22L/22R.

Pilots will be informed regarding dependent or independent parallel approaches on voice atis 135.070. Where the ATIS broadcast will contain the following information: Simultaneous [dependent/independent] ILS approaches in progress on runways 22R and 22L (04R and 04L).


In order to avoid frequency congestion, when changing from HELSINKI RADAR frequency to HELSINKI ARRIVAL frequency, state only: HELSINKI ARRIVAL + [call sign]

When changing from approach control frequency to tower frequency, state only: HELSINKI TOWER + [call sign] +RUNWAY (number)


Pilots are reminded that rapid exit from the runway enables ATC to apply minimum spacing on final approach that will achieve maximum runway utilisation and will minimize theoccurrence of go-arounds.

The aircraft vacating runway has priority to other taxiing traffic.

Aircraft using RWY 04R/22L or 15/33 for landing shall contact HELSINKI GROUND 121.800 MHZ immediately after vacating the runway for taxi clearance within the ATC Service Boundary. Aircraft vacating RWY 04L/22R shall remain on the appropriate TWR frequency unless otherwise instructedby ATC.
Aircraft landed at runway 22L shall not vacate runway viataxiway ZG unless otherwise instructed by ATC.

Scenery links:
FS9 scenery: Download
FSX/P3D scenery: Download
XP scenery:
Elevation: 179 ft.
Transition altitude: 5000 ft.
MSA: 11200 ft.
Latitude: 60.317222
Longitude: 24.963334
EFHK Charts
EFHK Notams
EFHK Online stations


Number Course Length Elevation Lat Lon ILS ILS freq ILS FAC GP
04L 40° 10039ft / 3060 m 133ft 60.312947 24.90387 111.9 40° 3.0°
04R 40° 11286ft / 3440 m 151ft 60.311292 24.936372 111.5 40° 3.0°
15 145° 9518ft / 2901 m 162ft 60.330275 24.964497 109.1 145° 3.0°
22L 220° 11286ft / 3440 m 148ft 60.330689 24.979089 110.3 220° 3.0°
22R 220° 10039ft / 3060 m 178ft 60.331142 24.943892 110.7 220° 3.0°
33 325° 9518ft / 2901 m 146ft 60.307067 24.988286 - - 3.0°